The PC market isn't a huge one for us, but our outlook for that segment is extremely strong,” said John Boucher, MSL's vice president of global supply chain.

One way of switching the division ratio dynamically is through the use of a simple modulus controller. A modulus controller can be a simple DPA. The output of the DPA is used to control the division ratio of a DMD. The divider divides by N+1 when there is a carry-out and by N otherwise. In this case, the fractional part of the average division ratio is equal to the input to the DPA. This statement can be proven as follows. First, the average value of the DPA output is equal to its input, which is the way a DPA works. This average is also equal to the probability of the DPA carryout being an 1”. Knowing this probability, p, the average division ratio can be readily calculated as,

As is clear from this figure, the divider comprises a dual modulus divider (DMD), a delay locked loop (DLL), a multiplexer (MUX) and a digital phase accumulator (DPA). Note, however, that a fractional divider does not have to be based on a DLL 6. The DLL shown in this figure consists of a set of cascaded, tunable, delay elements, a PD, a CP and a D-type flip flop. The negative nature of the feedback in the DLL ensures that the total delay through the delay line is one VCO cycle. Since the delay elements are, ideally, identical, a VCO period is broken up into Nd equal packets” of phase, where Nd is the number of delay elements in the delay line.

Every site reports on a consistent set of metrics, including supplier quality, product quality, etc.,” Blom said. They work to achieve a more standardized and consistent approach among all the factories.”

One way of switching the division ratio dynamically is through the use of a simple modulus controller. A modulus controller can be a simple DPA. The output of the DPA is used to control the division ratio of a DMD. The divider divides by N+1 when there is a carry-out and by N otherwise. In this case, the fractional part of the average division ratio is equal to the input to the DPA. This statement can be proven as follows. First, the average value of the DPA output is equal to its input, which is the way a DPA works. This average is also equal to the probability of the DPA carryout being an 1”. Knowing this probability, p, the average division ratio can be readily calculated as,

As is clear from this figure, the divider comprises a dual modulus divider (DMD), a delay locked loop (DLL), a multiplexer (MUX) and a digital phase accumulator (DPA). Note, however, that a fractional divider does not have to be based on a DLL 6. The DLL shown in this figure consists of a set of cascaded, tunable, delay elements, a PD, a CP and a D-type flip flop. The negative nature of the feedback in the DLL ensures that the total delay through the delay line is one VCO cycle. Since the delay elements are, ideally, identical, a VCO period is broken up into Nd equal packets” of phase, where Nd is the number of delay elements in the delay line.

Every site reports on a consistent set of metrics, including supplier quality, product quality, etc.,” Blom said. They work to achieve a more standardized and consistent approach among all the factories.”

We now move to a brief description of a simple circuit realization of a fractional frequency divider. The block diagram is depicted in Figure3.

Despite the current technology boom, the UK electronics industry still needs to improve its image, according to an attitude survey by Electronics Times, the Year In Industry and STMicroelectronics.

where fvco is the output frequency of the VCO and fref is the reference frequency. The above equation indicates that a frequency synthesizer can be viewed as a frequency multiplier with its input and output frequency related by Equation (1).

As is clear from this figure, the divider comprises a dual modulus divider (DMD), a delay locked loop (DLL), a multiplexer (MUX) and a digital phase accumulator (DPA). Note, however, that a fractional divider does not have to be based on a DLL 6. The DLL shown in this figure consists of a set of cascaded, tunable, delay elements, a PD, a CP and a D-type flip flop. The negative nature of the feedback in the DLL ensures that the total delay through the delay line is one VCO cycle. Since the delay elements are, ideally, identical, a VCO period is broken up into Nd equal packets” of phase, where Nd is the number of delay elements in the delay line.

Every site reports on a consistent set of metrics, including supplier quality, product quality, etc.,” Blom said. They work to achieve a more standardized and consistent approach among all the factories.”

We now move to a brief description of a simple circuit realization of a fractional frequency divider. The block diagram is depicted in Figure3.

Despite the current technology boom, the UK electronics industry still needs to improve its image, according to an attitude survey by Electronics Times, the Year In Industry and STMicroelectronics.

We now move to a brief description of a simple circuit realization of a fractional frequency divider. The block diagram is depicted in Figure3.

Despite the current technology boom, the UK electronics industry still needs to improve its image, according to an attitude survey by Electronics Times, the Year In Industry and STMicroelectronics.

where fvco is the output frequency of the VCO and fref is the reference frequency. The above equation indicates that a frequency synthesizer can be viewed as a frequency multiplier with its input and output frequency related by Equation (1).

Actually I have to bow my head in shame. It’s been more than a month since I posted my original article. What can I say? I just got so snowed under with work that there was no time to do anything. I’m sorry. Take me outside and spank me now!

With our Purdue University datamart of best practices now approaching 4,000 call centers, it is possible to research the implementation rates of specific technology solutions. In the above table, we listed ten generic technologies known to all managers. We then indicate the percentage of participating call centers that have the technologies installed, plus the percentage that are planning to implement the technologies, and finally, the percentage that are still undecided if they even need the technologies listed.