Xaptum

dp605ns

RevX SystemsBy Times Microwave SystemsWith Integrated Device Technology (IDT)

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Dark Sensor CircuitAs in the above circuit the lm741 is also used in this dark sensor circuit in astable multivibrator mode but this time.Applications:DC to DC ConvertersRelay DriverAudio AmplifierAudio Amplifier StagesSwitching Loads under 3AHow to Safely Long Run in a Circuit:To get good and long term performance from 2SB772 always stay atleast 20% below from its max ratings.It can also be operated with dual power supplies.TIP31Cisabipolarpowertransistorwhichdesignedforuseingeneralpurposeamplifierandswitchingapplications.Thisblogmainlyintroducepinout,equivalents,applicationsandotherdetailedinformationaboutTIP31C.DownbelowisavideoshowshowtouseTIP31Ctomakeanaudioamplifier.UsingTIP31CMakingPowerfulAudioAmplifierCatalogTIP31CPinConfigurationandFunctionsTIP31CFeaturesTIP31CApplicationsTIP31CPackageWheretoUseTIP31CHowtoUseTIP31CTIP31CFunctionalEquivalentsTIP31CPopularitybyRegionTIP31CMarketPriceAnalysisTIP31CManufacturerComponentDatasheetOrderingQuantityTIP31CPinConfigurationandFunctionsLikeanyothertransistorithasthreepinsnamelyEMITTER,BASEandCOLLECTOR.ThepinconfigurationofTIP31Cisgivenbelow.PinNumberPinNameDescription1Base(B)NormallyusedasTRIGGERtoturnONtheTRANSISTOR.2Collector(C)NormallyconnectedtoLOAD3Emitter(E)NormallyconnectedtoGROUNDTIP31CFeaturesNewenhancedseriesHighswitchingspeedhFEimprovedlinearityhFEGroupingTIP31CApplicationsDCmotorspeedcontrolLightingsystemsPWMapplicationsRelaydriversSwitchmodepowersupplyAudioAmplifiersSignalAmplifiersTIP31CPackageWheretoUseTIP31CTIP31Ccanbeusedinthesituationsbelow:Situation1:Whenyouwantasimpleswitchingdeviceformediumpowerloads.TIP31CisoneofthebasicTRANSISTORSouttherewhichareeasilyavailableandcheap.Withelectricalcharacteristicssuitingmanyapplicationsitisfairlypopular.Sothecomponentisbestsuitedwhenchoosingarandomswitchingdevice.Situation2:Whenyouwantamplifyasignal.TheamplifyingfactorofTIP31Cisfairlygoodandtheimportantthingisgainisalmostlinear.SothesecharacteristicsmakeTIP31Coneofbestcontenderforamplifyingapplications.Situation3:TIP31Ccanbecontrolledbymicrocontrollerpulsesbecauseofitsgainandhighspeedresponse.Soitcanbeusedinhighspeedswitchingapplications.HowtoUseTIP31CTIP31Ccanbeusedlikeanyotherpowertransistor.HerewearegoingtouseTIP31Cincommonemitterconfigurationtounderstanditsworking.InthecircuitaboveweareusingTIP31Casasimpleswitchingdevice.AsshowinfigureweareusingasmallDCMOTORastheLOAD.TheTRIGGERforturningONtheTRANSISTORisprovidedbyCONTROLUNIT(NOTMICROCONTROLLERasMICROCONTROLLERcannotdeliver300mA).Thecontrolunitprovides+5VpulsestobaseofTRANSISTOR.TheCONTROLUNITGROUNDmustbeconnectedtoTRANSISTOREMITTERcompulsorily.The10ΩresistorisprovidedforlimitingthecurrentthroughBASE.ThisBASEcurrentlimitingresistorisimportant.Couldbechosenaccuratelybycalculating:MaximumcurrentthroughBASE=1AmpChooseBASEcurrent=0.9AmpMaximumVoltageacrossBASEandEMITTER=5VoltChooseVbe=4.5VoltageacrossresistorR=CONTROLUNITVOLTAGEOUTPUT4.5=XXVResistorR=XX/0.9=YYΩ.PutYYΩresistanceinserieswithbaseasshownincircuit.UndernormalconditionstheTRANSISTORwillbeOFFasthesewillbenoBASEcurrent.WhentheCONTROLUNITvoltagepulsesreachesBASEthencurrentflowsthroughBASEofTRANSISTOR.WithBASEcurrentflow,TRANSISTORgetsturnedON.WiththattherewillbeCOLLECTORcurrentwhichflowsthroughMOTOR.SotheMOTORrotates.TheMOTORwillbekeeprotatinguntiltherewillbeBASEcurrent.WhentheCONTROLUNIToutputgoesLOWtheBASEcurrentbecomesZERO.TheTRANSISTORgetsturnedOFFwhentheBASEcurrentbecomesZERO.SotheCOLLECTORcurrentalsobecomesZERO,bringingMOTORtoSTOP.ThiswaywecanuseTIP31Casaswitchingdevice.Thecircuitusedaboveisasimpletestingcircuitandisnotanapplicationcircuit.UsingitwithoutarrangementslikeHEAKSINK,FLYBACKDIODEetc,willdamagethedevice.ForusingtheTIP31Casanamplifieroneneedstoconsidercurrentgaincharacteristics.SowewillintroducetheCURRENTGAINgraphofTIP31Cforbetterunderstanding.ThetypicalDCGAINgraphofTIP31Cisgivenbelow.FromgraphtheGAINisalmost100whenCOLLECTORcurrentis1000mAor1A.AndGAINdropsto60whenCOLLECTORcurrentis2000mAor2A.WhenCOLLECTORcurrentgoesbeyond2AtheGAINisalmostlinear.ThisparametervalueisimportantforAPLIFIERS.Bytakingtheserangesintoconsiderationwecanmakeappropriatearrangementsforbetterperformance.TIP31CFunctionalEquivalentsTIP31CPopularitybyRegionTIP31CMarketPriceAnalysisTIP31CManufacturerFairchildSemiconductorInternational,Inc.wasanAmericansemiconductorcompanybasedinSanJose,California.Foundedin1957asadivisionofFairchildCameraandInstrument,itbecameapioneerinthemanufacturingoftransistorsandofintegratedcircuits.TheCompanyoffersloadswitches,transistors,sensors,drivers,transceivers,andautomotiveproducts.InSeptember2016,FairchildwasacquiredbyONSemiconductor.ComponentDatasheetTIP31CDatasheet

Panasonic

8D3421F77PA

Jonard ToolsBy StewardWith Rittal

Applications:DC to DC ConvertersRelay DriverAudio AmplifierAudio Amplifier StagesSwitching Loads under 3AHow to Safely Long Run in a Circuit:To get good and long term performance from 2SB772 always stay atleast 20% below from its max ratings.It can also be operated with dual power supplies.

It can also be operated with dual power supplies.TIP31Cisabipolarpowertransistorwhichdesignedforuseingeneralpurposeamplifierandswitchingapplications.Thisblogmainlyintroducepinout,equivalents,applicationsandotherdetailedinformationaboutTIP31C.DownbelowisavideoshowshowtouseTIP31Ctomakeanaudioamplifier.UsingTIP31CMakingPowerfulAudioAmplifierCatalogTIP31CPinConfigurationandFunctionsTIP31CFeaturesTIP31CApplicationsTIP31CPackageWheretoUseTIP31CHowtoUseTIP31CTIP31CFunctionalEquivalentsTIP31CPopularitybyRegionTIP31CMarketPriceAnalysisTIP31CManufacturerComponentDatasheetOrderingQuantityTIP31CPinConfigurationandFunctionsLikeanyothertransistorithasthreepinsnamelyEMITTER,BASEandCOLLECTOR.ThepinconfigurationofTIP31Cisgivenbelow.PinNumberPinNameDescription1Base(B)NormallyusedasTRIGGERtoturnONtheTRANSISTOR.2Collector(C)NormallyconnectedtoLOAD3Emitter(E)NormallyconnectedtoGROUNDTIP31CFeaturesNewenhancedseriesHighswitchingspeedhFEimprovedlinearityhFEGroupingTIP31CApplicationsDCmotorspeedcontrolLightingsystemsPWMapplicationsRelaydriversSwitchmodepowersupplyAudioAmplifiersSignalAmplifiersTIP31CPackageWheretoUseTIP31CTIP31Ccanbeusedinthesituationsbelow:Situation1:Whenyouwantasimpleswitchingdeviceformediumpowerloads.TIP31CisoneofthebasicTRANSISTORSouttherewhichareeasilyavailableandcheap.Withelectricalcharacteristicssuitingmanyapplicationsitisfairlypopular.Sothecomponentisbestsuitedwhenchoosingarandomswitchingdevice.Situation2:Whenyouwantamplifyasignal.TheamplifyingfactorofTIP31Cisfairlygoodandtheimportantthingisgainisalmostlinear.SothesecharacteristicsmakeTIP31Coneofbestcontenderforamplifyingapplications.Situation3:TIP31Ccanbecontrolledbymicrocontrollerpulsesbecauseofitsgainandhighspeedresponse.Soitcanbeusedinhighspeedswitchingapplications.HowtoUseTIP31CTIP31Ccanbeusedlikeanyotherpowertransistor.HerewearegoingtouseTIP31Cincommonemitterconfigurationtounderstanditsworking.InthecircuitaboveweareusingTIP31Casasimpleswitchingdevice.AsshowinfigureweareusingasmallDCMOTORastheLOAD.TheTRIGGERforturningONtheTRANSISTORisprovidedbyCONTROLUNIT(NOTMICROCONTROLLERasMICROCONTROLLERcannotdeliver300mA).Thecontrolunitprovides+5VpulsestobaseofTRANSISTOR.TheCONTROLUNITGROUNDmustbeconnectedtoTRANSISTOREMITTERcompulsorily.The10ΩresistorisprovidedforlimitingthecurrentthroughBASE.ThisBASEcurrentlimitingresistorisimportant.Couldbechosenaccuratelybycalculating:MaximumcurrentthroughBASE=1AmpChooseBASEcurrent=0.9AmpMaximumVoltageacrossBASEandEMITTER=5VoltChooseVbe=4.5VoltageacrossresistorR=CONTROLUNITVOLTAGEOUTPUT4.5=XXVResistorR=XX/0.9=YYΩ.PutYYΩresistanceinserieswithbaseasshownincircuit.UndernormalconditionstheTRANSISTORwillbeOFFasthesewillbenoBASEcurrent.WhentheCONTROLUNITvoltagepulsesreachesBASEthencurrentflowsthroughBASEofTRANSISTOR.WithBASEcurrentflow,TRANSISTORgetsturnedON.WiththattherewillbeCOLLECTORcurrentwhichflowsthroughMOTOR.SotheMOTORrotates.TheMOTORwillbekeeprotatinguntiltherewillbeBASEcurrent.WhentheCONTROLUNIToutputgoesLOWtheBASEcurrentbecomesZERO.TheTRANSISTORgetsturnedOFFwhentheBASEcurrentbecomesZERO.SotheCOLLECTORcurrentalsobecomesZERO,bringingMOTORtoSTOP.ThiswaywecanuseTIP31Casaswitchingdevice.Thecircuitusedaboveisasimpletestingcircuitandisnotanapplicationcircuit.UsingitwithoutarrangementslikeHEAKSINK,FLYBACKDIODEetc,willdamagethedevice.ForusingtheTIP31Casanamplifieroneneedstoconsidercurrentgaincharacteristics.SowewillintroducetheCURRENTGAINgraphofTIP31Cforbetterunderstanding.ThetypicalDCGAINgraphofTIP31Cisgivenbelow.FromgraphtheGAINisalmost100whenCOLLECTORcurrentis1000mAor1A.AndGAINdropsto60whenCOLLECTORcurrentis2000mAor2A.WhenCOLLECTORcurrentgoesbeyond2AtheGAINisalmostlinear.ThisparametervalueisimportantforAPLIFIERS.Bytakingtheserangesintoconsiderationwecanmakeappropriatearrangementsforbetterperformance.TIP31CFunctionalEquivalentsTIP31CPopularitybyRegionTIP31CMarketPriceAnalysisTIP31CManufacturerFairchildSemiconductorInternational,Inc.wasanAmericansemiconductorcompanybasedinSanJose,California.Foundedin1957asadivisionofFairchildCameraandInstrument,itbecameapioneerinthemanufacturingoftransistorsandofintegratedcircuits.TheCompanyoffersloadswitches,transistors,sensors,drivers,transceivers,andautomotiveproducts.InSeptember2016,FairchildwasacquiredbyONSemiconductor.ComponentDatasheetTIP31CDatasheetSS9012G is 112~166 and SS9012G HFE value is 144~202.LM386 is a widely used audio amplifier IC.

RECOM Power

how to test a hall effect sensor

Connor-WinfieldBy TelecontrolliWith GeneSiC Semiconductor

TIP31Cisabipolarpowertransistorwhichdesignedforuseingeneralpurposeamplifierandswitchingapplications.Thisblogmainlyintroducepinout,equivalents,applicationsandotherdetailedinformationaboutTIP31C.DownbelowisavideoshowshowtouseTIP31Ctomakeanaudioamplifier.UsingTIP31CMakingPowerfulAudioAmplifierCatalogTIP31CPinConfigurationandFunctionsTIP31CFeaturesTIP31CApplicationsTIP31CPackageWheretoUseTIP31CHowtoUseTIP31CTIP31CFunctionalEquivalentsTIP31CPopularitybyRegionTIP31CMarketPriceAnalysisTIP31CManufacturerComponentDatasheetOrderingQuantityTIP31CPinConfigurationandFunctionsLikeanyothertransistorithasthreepinsnamelyEMITTER,BASEandCOLLECTOR.ThepinconfigurationofTIP31Cisgivenbelow.PinNumberPinNameDescription1Base(B)NormallyusedasTRIGGERtoturnONtheTRANSISTOR.2Collector(C)NormallyconnectedtoLOAD3Emitter(E)NormallyconnectedtoGROUNDTIP31CFeaturesNewenhancedseriesHighswitchingspeedhFEimprovedlinearityhFEGroupingTIP31CApplicationsDCmotorspeedcontrolLightingsystemsPWMapplicationsRelaydriversSwitchmodepowersupplyAudioAmplifiersSignalAmplifiersTIP31CPackageWheretoUseTIP31CTIP31Ccanbeusedinthesituationsbelow:Situation1:Whenyouwantasimpleswitchingdeviceformediumpowerloads.TIP31CisoneofthebasicTRANSISTORSouttherewhichareeasilyavailableandcheap.Withelectricalcharacteristicssuitingmanyapplicationsitisfairlypopular.Sothecomponentisbestsuitedwhenchoosingarandomswitchingdevice.Situation2:Whenyouwantamplifyasignal.TheamplifyingfactorofTIP31Cisfairlygoodandtheimportantthingisgainisalmostlinear.SothesecharacteristicsmakeTIP31Coneofbestcontenderforamplifyingapplications.Situation3:TIP31Ccanbecontrolledbymicrocontrollerpulsesbecauseofitsgainandhighspeedresponse.Soitcanbeusedinhighspeedswitchingapplications.HowtoUseTIP31CTIP31Ccanbeusedlikeanyotherpowertransistor.HerewearegoingtouseTIP31Cincommonemitterconfigurationtounderstanditsworking.InthecircuitaboveweareusingTIP31Casasimpleswitchingdevice.AsshowinfigureweareusingasmallDCMOTORastheLOAD.TheTRIGGERforturningONtheTRANSISTORisprovidedbyCONTROLUNIT(NOTMICROCONTROLLERasMICROCONTROLLERcannotdeliver300mA).Thecontrolunitprovides+5VpulsestobaseofTRANSISTOR.TheCONTROLUNITGROUNDmustbeconnectedtoTRANSISTOREMITTERcompulsorily.The10ΩresistorisprovidedforlimitingthecurrentthroughBASE.ThisBASEcurrentlimitingresistorisimportant.Couldbechosenaccuratelybycalculating:MaximumcurrentthroughBASE=1AmpChooseBASEcurrent=0.9AmpMaximumVoltageacrossBASEandEMITTER=5VoltChooseVbe=4.5VoltageacrossresistorR=CONTROLUNITVOLTAGEOUTPUT4.5=XXVResistorR=XX/0.9=YYΩ.PutYYΩresistanceinserieswithbaseasshownincircuit.UndernormalconditionstheTRANSISTORwillbeOFFasthesewillbenoBASEcurrent.WhentheCONTROLUNITvoltagepulsesreachesBASEthencurrentflowsthroughBASEofTRANSISTOR.WithBASEcurrentflow,TRANSISTORgetsturnedON.WiththattherewillbeCOLLECTORcurrentwhichflowsthroughMOTOR.SotheMOTORrotates.TheMOTORwillbekeeprotatinguntiltherewillbeBASEcurrent.WhentheCONTROLUNIToutputgoesLOWtheBASEcurrentbecomesZERO.TheTRANSISTORgetsturnedOFFwhentheBASEcurrentbecomesZERO.SotheCOLLECTORcurrentalsobecomesZERO,bringingMOTORtoSTOP.ThiswaywecanuseTIP31Casaswitchingdevice.Thecircuitusedaboveisasimpletestingcircuitandisnotanapplicationcircuit.UsingitwithoutarrangementslikeHEAKSINK,FLYBACKDIODEetc,willdamagethedevice.ForusingtheTIP31Casanamplifieroneneedstoconsidercurrentgaincharacteristics.SowewillintroducetheCURRENTGAINgraphofTIP31Cforbetterunderstanding.ThetypicalDCGAINgraphofTIP31Cisgivenbelow.FromgraphtheGAINisalmost100whenCOLLECTORcurrentis1000mAor1A.AndGAINdropsto60whenCOLLECTORcurrentis2000mAor2A.WhenCOLLECTORcurrentgoesbeyond2AtheGAINisalmostlinear.ThisparametervalueisimportantforAPLIFIERS.Bytakingtheserangesintoconsiderationwecanmakeappropriatearrangementsforbetterperformance.TIP31CFunctionalEquivalentsTIP31CPopularitybyRegionTIP31CMarketPriceAnalysisTIP31CManufacturerFairchildSemiconductorInternational,Inc.wasanAmericansemiconductorcompanybasedinSanJose,California.Foundedin1957asadivisionofFairchildCameraandInstrument,itbecameapioneerinthemanufacturingoftransistorsandofintegratedcircuits.TheCompanyoffersloadswitches,transistors,sensors,drivers,transceivers,andautomotiveproducts.InSeptember2016,FairchildwasacquiredbyONSemiconductor.ComponentDatasheetTIP31CDatasheetSS9012G is 112~166 and SS9012G HFE value is 144~202.LM386 is a widely used audio amplifier IC.Additionally it can also be used variety of RF applications under 100MHz.

Aurel

8D521J48SB-LC

Alpha and Omega Semiconductor, Inc.By HeliumWith Neonode

SS9012G is 112~166 and SS9012G HFE value is 144~202.LM386 is a widely used audio amplifier IC.Additionally it can also be used variety of RF applications under 100MHz.Moreover BC338 can also be used in audio applications for example it can be used in different audio amplifier stages.

United Monolithic

rf modules

LantronixBy Dynastream InnovationsWith Carlo Gavazzi

LM386 is a widely used audio amplifier IC.Additionally it can also be used variety of RF applications under 100MHz.

Additionally it can also be used variety of RF applications under 100MHz.Moreover BC338 can also be used in audio applications for example it can be used in different audio amplifier stages.2SC2655 is a TO-92L or TO-92MOD package BJT transistor having quite interesting features and capabilities which we are going to discuss here.if R the gain will be 180 to 360 and if S then the gain will be 260 to 520.

Pepperl+Fuchs

8D0C21ZC84SA284

Moreover BC338 can also be used in audio applications for example it can be used in different audio amplifier stages.2SC2655 is a TO-92L or TO-92MOD package BJT transistor having quite interesting features and capabilities which we are going to discuss here.if R the gain will be 180 to 360 and if S then the gain will be 260 to 520.

variable resistance

8D0Q17ZC81PE308

CML Innovative Technologies

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WJ Communications

Dielectric Laboratories (Knowles)

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat. Connect One

United Monolithic

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InnoSenT GmbH

n type transistor

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